GENESIS OF THE ENGLISH PREMIER LEAGUE

All about the EPL

 

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The English Premier League a.k.a. EPL is one of the most entertaining leagues in the world, started on May 27, 1992. 22
clubs contested for the title. Foot ball, the round-leather game popularly
known as football, is well known amongst all who watch and play it.

The English Premier League was createdas FA Premier League on 20th February 1992 following the decision of first
Division (top-tier league from 1888-1992) clubs.

The EPL started on 20th February 1992.In the early 1990s, English First Division Clubs believed that a thorough
reshaping of football was needed if they and, the game in general, were to
develop and excel. On July 17, 1991,they signed the Founder Members Agreement, creating the basic principles for
building the Premier League. CommercialIndependence the League will enjoy from the Football League and the FA, giving
it a free hand to arrange its own broadcast and Sponsorship agreement.

EPL is the Sports League with thehighest number of viewers globally, as it is shown in over 212 areas to 643
million homes and a likely TV audience of 4.7 billion people. In the 2018-2019
season, each match was having at least 38, 181 attendants, only second to the
Bundesliga’s 43,500.

On 20th February 1992, the 22first-division teams quit the football league in large numbers and after three
months, on 27th May, a limited company was born as the Premier League. It got its first Television deal with Pay-Tvbroadcaster BSkyB, a brave move at the time, but Sky has been always available
and has been a main player in improving the league to its recent status.

The first Premier League campaignstarted on Saturday 15th August 1992, with 22 clubs. The 22 first members of the new PremierLeague were Arsenal, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Chelsea, Coventry City,
Crystal Palace, Everton, Ipswich Town, Leeds United, Liverpool, Manchester
City, Manchester United, Middlesborough, Norwich City, Nottingham Forest,
Oldham Athletic, Queens Park Rangers, Shefield United, Sheffield Wednesday,
Southampton, Tottenham Hotspur and Wimbledon. Amongst all these, six clubs have
not been relegated from the EPL: Arsenal, Chelsea, Everton, Liverpool,
Manchester United, and Tottenham Hotspur.

The League had its first season in1992-1993. It was made up of 22 clubs for that season(brought down to 20 in the
1995-1996 season). The EPL had its goalscored by Brian Dean of Sheffield United in a 2-1 victory over Manchester
United. Manchester United were thechampions of the first edition of the Premier League, becoming Champions for the
first time in twenty-six years. Energized by this achievement, Man United
quickly became the EPL’s main team, as it won seven of the first nine trophies
of EPL, two League, and F.A. Cup doubles and a European treble, firstly in a
combination of fierce players like Bryan Robson, Steve Bruce, Paul Ince, Mark
Hughes and Erik Cantona, initially, Bruce and Roy Keane captained a young
vibrant new team filled with the class of 92, a group of young players that had
David Beckham that came from the Man United Academy.

Only fifty-one clubs have participatedsince the beginning of the Premier League in 1992. Forty-nine of them are English while theremaining two are Welsh clubs. Onlyseven of them have managed to win the Title: Manchester United(13), Manchester
City(7), Chelsea(5), Arsenal(3), Blackburn Rovers(1), Leicester City(1) and
Liverpool(1).

At the end of the decade, Man United’sclose opponent in the league, Arsenal FC won the League and F.A. Cup double,
and these big two won the EPL between themselves in the following 5 years.

WHAT IS THE ‘TOP FOUR’?

In the 2000s came Liverpool, and thenArsenal as main competitors, and Chelsea broke into the top four by winning the
EPL in 2004-2005. The top-four Arsenal,Chelsea, Liverpool, and Manchester United dominated, which saw them end at the
top of the table for the main part of the decade, which ensured qualification
for the UEFA Champions League. The otherthree clubs that managed to qualify for the Champions League during this period
are Newcastle United (2001-02 and 2002-03), Everton (2004-05), and Tottenham
Hotspur (2009-10) – every one of them taking the last Champions League place,
except Newcastle in the 2002-03 season, that finished third.

In the next 2003-2004 season, Arsenalwas nicknamed ‘The Invincibles’ as it emerged for the first time, and to date,
the only club to finish the EPL season and not lose a single game.

Within 2005 and 2012, EPL showed its’presence in seven of the eight Uefa Champions League finals. Leeds United was the only Club outside theTop Four side to get to the semi-finals of the Champions League, in the 2000-01
season. There were three EPL teams inthe semi-finals in 2006-07, 2007-08, and 2008-09, an achievement only ever made
five times (in line with Seria A in 2002-03 and La Liga in 1999-2000). Furthermore, between the 1999-2000 and2009-10 seasons, four EPL teams got to the Uefa Cup or Europa League finals,
with only Liverpool struggling to win the event in 2001. Arsenal (2000), Middlesbrough (2006), andFulham(2010) all lost the finals they played in.

Even though the group’s great presencewas decreased to a point after this time with the coming up of Manchester City
and Tottenham Hotspur, as per all-time Premier League points, they remained top
by some points. By the end of the2021-22 season, the 27th season of the EPL – Liverpool, in fourth place in the
all-time points table, was over 30 points ahead of the next team, Tottenham
Hotspur. They as well are the only teamto have and maintain a winning average of over 50% all through its all-premier
league time.

WHAT MAKES THE ‘BIG SIX’ TEAMS IN EPL(2010’s)

After 2009 was recorded a change in theshape of the Top Four with Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester City forcing
themselves into the top four places on a consistent level, hence moving the Top
Four into the Big Six. In the 2009-10season, Tottenham ended fourth and was the first team to force itself into the
top four since Everton five years earlier. Fans talked against the distance between the ‘Super Teams’ and theothers of the Premier League has continued, led by their continuous power to
spend more than the other Premier League clubs.

Manchester City won the League Title inthe 2011-12 season, making it the first club outside the ‘Big Four’ to win
since Blackburn Rovers in the 1995-96 season. That season was the same time two of the Big Four(Chelsea and Liverpool)finished outside the top four slots for the first time since the 2011-12
season.

Having only four Uefa Champions Leaguequalifying spaces obtainable in the league, more contesting for qualification
now exists, though from a small base of six clubs. The following five seasons after the 2011-12season, Man United and Liverpool found themselves outside of the top four three
times, while Chelsea finished 10th in the 2015-16 season. Arsenal ended 5th in 2016-17, finishing theirrecord run of 20 consistent top-four finishes. Outside the field, the ‘big Six’ show relevant financial power andcontrol, with these clubs of the opinion that they should be given the right to
more share of the revenue due to the greater shape of their clubs worldwide and
the attractive football they want to play.

People argue and believe that havingequal financial structure by all EPL clubs helps to keep a competitive league
which is vital for its near progress. The 2016-17 Deloitte Football Money League report showed the financialdifference between the Big Six and the rest of the division. Every one of the ‘big six’ had revenueshigher than 350 million Pounds, with Manchester having the biggest revenue in
the league at 673.3 million Pounds. Leicester City was the closest club to the
‘Big Six’ in terms of revenue, having a figure of 271.1 million Pounds for that
season – assisted by their involvement in the Champions League. The eight-largest revenue generator, West Ham– who did not play in European football had revenues of 213.3 million Pounds,
less than half of those of the club with the fifth-largest revenue,
Liverpool(424.2 million Pounds). A goodpart of the club’s revenue by then was acquired from the Television broadcast
business, and the biggest clubs each taking from around 150 million to nearly
200 million Pounds in the 2016-17 season from such deals. In Deloitte’s 2019 report, all the ‘Big Six’were in the top Ten of the World’s richest clubs.

WHAT HAPPENED IN THE 2020S

From the 2019-20 season, Video AssistantReferees were used in Project Big Picture was pronounced in October 2020
described a plan to bring together top Premier League clubs with the English
Football League clubs with the English football league, suggested by leading
Premier League clubs Man United and Liverpool. It has been talked against by the Premier League leadership and the UKgovernment’s Department of Culture, Media and Sports.

On 26th April 2021, play was stoppedduring a match between Leicester City and Crystal Palace to allow players
Wesley Fofana and Cheikhou Kouyate to break Ramadan fast. This is arguably the first time a game wasstopped to allow Muslim players to break their fast at Sunset.

The 2022-23 season was the first to takea six-week break between November and December 2022 to permit the first winter
World Cup, to come back with boxing day games. The EPL players agreed to take a knee only at some chosen ‘remarkableperiods’, instead of the normal way before games. The players promised to be committed toremoving racial pre-judgment. Theseason was marked for Newcastle United and Brighton & Hove Albion forcing
themselves into the usual ‘big six’, as they ended fourth and sixth separately
and, in the order, already mentioned. Though, 2015-16 Champions Leicester City was demoted to the EnglishChampionship, emerging as the second league-winning club to be relegated since
1992. The season also saw Arsenalmounting a serious title challenge and leading the table for most of the 2022 –
2023 season only to lose the title to Manchester City on five points
difference. Arsenal last mounted asimilar serious title challenge in the 2015-16 season, losing the title to
surprise Champions, Leicester City.

OPPOSITION

The EPL has 20 clubs. In a season (fromAugust to May), each club plays other clubs two times (a double round-robin
system), one time at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents,
for games up to 38. Every team getsthree points for a win and a point for a draw. A lost match is awarded no point to the losing team. Clubs are rated by overall points, their goaldifference, and then goals scored. Ifstill equal, clubs are assumed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, forrelegation, or qualification to other competitions, the head-to-head record
between the tied teams is taken into consideration (points scored in the
matches between the teams, followed by away goals in those matches). If two teams are still tied, a play-off matchat a neutral venue decides the position.

ADVANCEMENT AND DROP TO AN INFERIOR RANK

A pattern of promotion and relegation isobtainable between Premier League and the EFL Championship. The three last-placed teams in the PremierLeague are relegated to the championship, the top two teams from the
Championship are promoted to the EPL, and an additional team is promoted after
a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth-placed teams.

On June 8, 2006, FIFA requested that allmain European Leagues, including Italy’s Seria A and Spain’s La Liga, be
shortened to 18 clubs by the start of the 2007-08 season. The Premier League responded by pronouncingtheir plan to reject such a cut. Finally, the 2007-08 season started again with 20 clubs.

VAR

Video Assistant Referee (VAR), wasbrought to the Premier League at the start of the 2019-20 season. It uses technology and officials to assistthe Referee in making decisions on the field. Anyway, the use of VAR has been met with different views from fans andbookmakers, with some praising its accuracy while others kick against its
influence on the flow of the game and the regularity of decision-making.

The center Referee continues to make thefinal decision, but VAR can assist the Referee in the decision-making
process. VAR only becomes useful forfour types of decisions: goals, penalty decisions, direct red card incidents,
and cases of mistaken identity. VARofficials review the video footage and relate it with the on-field Referee via
a headset. The VAR officials aresituated in a central control room, which is equipped with multiple camera
angles and the ability to replay footage at various speeds. This is foot ball!

CLUBS DOMICILED OUTSIDE ENGLAND

IN 2011, as soon as Swansea City waspromoted, a Welsh club played in the EPL for the first time. The first premier league match played outsideEngland was Swansea City’s home match at the Liberty Stadium vs Wigan Athletic
on 20th August 2011. The size of Welshclubs in the Premier League went up to two in 2013-14 as Cardiff City were
promoted, although they were relegated after their debut season. Cardiff gained promotion again in the 2017-18season but the Welsh club presence could not move up in the 2018-19 EPL season
as Swansea City was relegated from the EPL in 2017-18. Since Cardiff City's relegation after the2018-19 season, no Welsh club has played in the EPL.

QUALIFICATION FOR EUROPEAN FOOTBALL

The teams that finish in the first fourpositions qualify automatically for the next season’s UEFA Champions League
group stage. The winners of the UefaChampions League and Eufa Europa League can get an extra qualification for the
next season's Champions League group stage if they did not finish in the top
five places in the EPL or have won one of Uefa’s main competition, then this
position reverts to the team that ends sixth. The Champion of the EFL Cup
qualifies for the next season’s Uefa Europa Conference League though, if the
winner had already qualified for a Uefa competition through their performance
in another competition, then this position goes back to the team that ends
sixth in EPL, or seventh if the FA Cup result had since made the sixth-placed
club to qualify.

The quantity of slots assigned toEnglish clubs in Uefa games is based on the place the country has in the Uefa
constant placements, which are checked as per how well the team did in Eufa
games over the past five years. Recently, England is in first position, with Spain just behind them.

THE SEASONS BEFORE NOW

A deviation from the normal Europeanqualification pattern occurred in 2005, after Liverpool won the Champions
League the season earlier, but did not end in a Champions League qualification
position in the premier league. Uefapresented immunity for Liverpool to go into the Champions League, giving
England five qualifiers. Uefa afterthen, ruled that the defending Champions qualify for the games the next year
despite their domestic league position. Anyway, for those leagues with four entrants in the champions league,this means that if the champions league winners finished the season outside the
top four in its domestic league, it would qualify at the cost of the
fourth-placed team. This happened in2012, when Chelsea – who had won the Champions League that season, but finished
sixth in the EPL – qualified for the 2012-13 champions league in place of
Tottenham Hotspur, who went into the Europa League.

From 2015-2016, the Europa Leaguewinners qualify for the Champions League, increasing the maximum number of
participants per country to time. Thiswas started in England in 2016-2017, when Manchester United finished sixth in
the EPL and won the Europa League, giving England five Champions League slots
in 2017-2018. From these examples, anyEuropa League space opened is not handed down to the next-base premier league
finisher outside of a qualifying space. If both champions league and Europa
League winners are of the same association and both finish outside the top
four, then the fourth-placed team is transferred to the Europa League.

WHO SPONSORS EPL

This English league was renamed ThePremier League in 2007 from its former name – The FA Premier League. From 1993 to 2016, the Premier League hadTitle sponsorship rights given to two companies through sales – Carling Brewery
and Barclays Bank Plc; Barclays was the major current title sponsor, being the
sponsor of the Premier League from 2001 until 2016(until 2004, the title
sponsorship was held through its Barclaycard brand before transferring to its
major banking brand in 2004). Barclay's business with EPL finished at the close
of the 2015-16 season. The FA released a statement on 4th June 2015 that it
would discontinue sponsoring the EPL, claiming that it aimed to develop a neat
brand for the tournament more in line with those of MLS in the USA.

Also, for the sponsorship for theleague, the premier league has many official partners and suppliers. The official Ball supplier for the league isNike who have had the contract since the 2000-01 season when they continued
from Mitre, stopped. Merlin brand usedits subsidiary, Topps, to hold the license to produce collectibles for the
premier league between 1994 and 2019 including Stickers (for their Sticker
album) and trading cards. Launched inthe 2007-2008 season, Topp’s Match Attax, the official premier league trading
card game, is the best-selling boy’s collectible in the UK and is also the
biggest selling Sports trading Card game in the world. In October 2018, Panini was given the Licenseto produce Collectables from the 2019-20 season. The Chocolate company Cadbury has been theofficial snack partner of the Premier League since 2017 and was sponsoring
Golden Boot, and Golden Glove Playmaker of the Season Awards from the 2017-18
season 2019-20 season. The Coco=Colazero sugar products) sponsored the Awards during the 2020-21 season with
Castrol being the present sponsor as of the 2021-22 season.

MONEY

The EPL has the highest revenue of anyassociation’s football league in the world, with total club revenues of 2.48
billion Pounds in the 2009-2010 season. In 2013-14, based on upgraded Television revenues and cost controls, theEPL clubs together made a net profit of over 78 million Pounds, passing all
other football leagues. In 2010, the EPLwas given the Queen's Award for Enterprise in the International Trade Class for
its great contribution to International Trade and the quality it gets to
English football and the United Kingdom’s broadcasting industry. The EPL includes a few of the wealthiestfootball clubs in the world. Delloitte’s‘Football Money League’ outlined seven EPL clubs in the top 20 for the 2009-10
season, and all 20 clubs were in the top 40 globally by the end of the 2013-14
season, largely as a result of increased broadcasting revenue. In 2019, the league produced around 3.1billion Pounds per year in local and International Television rights.

Premier League clubs accepted inprinciple in 2012, to total new cost controls. The two proposals consist of a break-even rule and a cap on the amountclubs can increase their wage bill in a season. With the new Televisions deals in perception, momentum has been growingto get a way of preventing the majority of the cash from getting direct to
players and agents.

EPL MANAGERS

Managers in the premier leagueparticipated in the day-to-day management of the team, which includes training,
team selection, and buying of players. Their inspiration changes from club to club and is connected to theownership of the club and the rapport of the manager with supporters. Managers
are expected to have a Uefa Pro license which is the final coaching
qualification obtainable and follows the completion of the Uefa B and A
Licenses. The Uefa Pro License is mandatory for every person who wishes to
manage a club in the Premier League on an everlasting basis (ie more than 12
weeks, the amount of time an unqualified Caretaker manager is allowed to take
control). Caretaker appointments aremanagers that fill the gap between a managerial exit and a new nomination. Many Caretaker managers have gone on to get alasting managerial post after doing well as a Caretaker, including Paul Hart at
Portsmouth, David Pleat at Tottenham Hotspur, and Ole Gunnar Solskjaer at
Manchester United.

Arsene Wenger is the longest-servingmanager, having been in charge of Arsenal in the premier league from 1996 to
his exit at the end of the 2017-18 season, and holds the record for most
matches managed in the premier league with 828, all with Arsenal. He erased the record set by Alex Ferguson,who had managed 810 matches with Manchester United from the beginning of the
Premier League to his retirement at the end of the 2012-13 season. Ferguson took charge of Manchester Unitedfrom November 1986 until he retired in the 2012-2013 end of the season, which
means he was manager for the last five years of the old football league First
Division and all of the first 21 seasons of the premier league.

It is worthy of note, that since itsinauguration, the premier league has never been won by an English manager. Managers who are managing EPL clubs goinginto the 2023-24 season are Jurgen Klopp(Liverpool – appointed 8 October,
2015), Pep Guardiola(Manchester City – appointed July 1, 2016), Thomas
Frank(Brentford – appointed 16 October, 2018), Mikel Arteta(Arsenal – appointed 20 December, 2019), David Moyes(WestHam – appointed 29 December, 2019), Marco Silva(Fulham – appointed July 1,
2021), Steve Cooper(Nottingham Forest – appointed September 21, 2021), Eddie
Howe(Newcastle United – 8 November, 2021), Paul Heckingbottom(Sheffield United
– 25 November, 2021), Erik ten Hag(Manchester United – Manchester United – 23
May, 2022), Vincent Kompany(Burnley – 14 June, 2022), Roberto De Zerbi(Brighton
& Hove Albion – 18 September, 2022), Unai Emery(Aston Villa – November 1,
2022), Julen Lopetegui(Wolverhampton Wanderers – 14 November, 2022), Robert
Edwards(Luton Town – 17 November, 2022), Sean Dyche(Everton – 30 January,
2023), Roy Hodgson(Crystal Palace – 21 March, 2023), Mauricio
Pochettino(Chelsea – 28 May, 2013), Ange Postecoglou(Tottenham Hotspur – 6 June,
2023), and Andoni Iraola(Bournemouth – 19 June, 2023).

HIGHEST GOAL SCORER IN EPL

Alan Shearer scored 260 EPL goals forBlackburn Rovers and Newcastle United (between 1992 – 2006) to remain the top
scorer in the history of the English premier league. Other players with high
number of goals are Harry Kane(213), Wayne Rooney(208), Andy Cole(187), Sergio
Aguero(184), Frank Lampard(177), Thierry Henry(175), Robbie Fowler(163),
Jermain Defoe(162) and Michael Owen(150). See https://articlebiz.com/article/1052117302-genesis-of-the-english-premier-league